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政策法規
關于提升危廢幾個能力的指導意見
發布時間: 2019/10/22

關于提升危險廢物環境監管能力、利用處置能力和環境風險防范能力的指導意見

 

各省(sheng)、自治(zhi)區(qu)、直(zhi)轄市(shi)生態(tai)環境廳(ting)(局),新疆生產建設兵(bing)團生態(tai)環境局:

  危險廢物環(huan)境(jing)管理是生態文明(ming)建設和生態環(huan)境(jing)保(bao)護的(de)重要(yao)方(fang)面,是打好(hao)污染防(fang)(fang)治攻堅戰的(de)重要(yao)內容,對(dui)于改(gai)善(shan)環(huan)境(jing)質量(liang),防(fang)(fang)范(fan)環(huan)境(jing)風(feng)險,維護生態環(huan)境(jing)安全(quan),保(bao)障人體健康具有重要(yao)意(yi)義。為(wei)切(qie)實提升危險廢物環(huan)境(jing)監管能(neng)(neng)力(li)、利(li)用處置能(neng)(neng)力(li)和環(huan)境(jing)風(feng)險防(fang)(fang)范(fan)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(以(yi)下簡稱“三個能(neng)(neng)力(li)”),提出以(yi)下意(yi)見(jian)。

  一、總體(ti)要求

  以(yi)習(xi)近(jin)(jin)平(ping)新時代(dai)中國特色社會(hui)主(zhu)義思想(xiang)為(wei)指導,深入貫徹落(luo)實習(xi)近(jin)(jin)平(ping)生(sheng)態(tai)文明思想(xiang)和全國生(sheng)態(tai)環(huan)境(jing)保護大(da)會(hui)精神,以(yi)改善環(huan)境(jing)質量(liang)為(wei)核(he)心,以(yi)有效防范環(huan)境(jing)風險為(wei)目標,以(yi)疏堵結合、先行先試、分(fen)步實施、聯防聯控為(wei)原則,聚焦重(zhong)點地區(qu)和重(zhong)點行業,圍(wei)繞打好(hao)污染防治攻堅(jian)戰,著(zhu)力提升(sheng)危險廢物“三個能力”,切實維護生(sheng)態(tai)環(huan)境(jing)安全和人民群眾身(shen)體健康(kang)。

  到(dao)2025年(nian)(nian)年(nian)(nian)底,建立健(jian)全“源頭(tou)嚴防(fang)、過程嚴管、后果嚴懲”的危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)環境監管體(ti)系;各省(區(qu)、市)危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)利用處置能(neng)力(li)(li)與實(shi)(shi)際需(xu)求基本匹配,全國(guo)危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)利用處置能(neng)力(li)(li)與實(shi)(shi)際需(xu)要總(zong)體(ti)平衡(heng),布(bu)局趨于(yu)合理;危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)環境風險(xian)防(fang)范能(neng)力(li)(li)顯著提(ti)升,危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)非法(fa)轉移傾倒案件高(gao)發(fa)態勢得到(dao)有(you)效遏制。其中,2020年(nian)(nian)年(nian)(nian)底前(qian),長三角地區(qu)(包(bao)括(kuo)上(shang)海市、江蘇省、浙江省)及“無廢(fei)(fei)城市”建設(she)試點城市率先實(shi)(shi)現;2022年(nian)(nian)年(nian)(nian)底前(qian),珠(zhu)三角、京津冀和長江經濟帶其他(ta)地區(qu)提(ti)前(qian)實(shi)(shi)現。

  二、著力強化(hua)危險(xian)廢物(wu)環境監管能力

  (一)完善危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢物(wu)監(jian)管(guan)源(yuan)(yuan)清單(dan)(dan)。各級生(sheng)態環境部門(men)要(yao)結(jie)合第(di)二次(ci)全國污(wu)染源(yuan)(yuan)普查、環境統(tong)計工作分(fen)別健(jian)全危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢物(wu)產(chan)生(sheng)單(dan)(dan)位(wei)清單(dan)(dan)和擁有(you)危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢物(wu)自行利(li)用(yong)處置設施的單(dan)(dan)位(wei)清單(dan)(dan),在此基礎上(shang),結(jie)合危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢物(wu)經營單(dan)(dan)位(wei)清單(dan)(dan),建立危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢物(wu)重點監(jian)管(guan)單(dan)(dan)位(wei)清單(dan)(dan)。自2020年起(qi),上(shang)述清單(dan)(dan)納入全國固體廢物(wu)管(guan)理信息系統(tong)統(tong)一管(guan)理。

  (二)持續推進危險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)規范化環境(jing)(jing)管(guan)理(li)。地方(fang)各級(ji)生態(tai)環境(jing)(jing)部門要加強危險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)環境(jing)(jing)執法(fa)檢查,督(du)促企業落實相關法(fa)律制度和標(biao)(biao)準(zhun)規范要求(qiu)。各省(區、市)應當(dang)將(jiang)危險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)規范化環境(jing)(jing)管(guan)理(li)情(qing)況納入(ru)對地方(fang)環境(jing)(jing)保(bao)護績(ji)效(xiao)考核(he)的(de)指(zhi)標(biao)(biao)體系中,督(du)促地方(fang)政府落實監管(guan)責(ze)任。推進企業環境(jing)(jing)信用評價,將(jiang)違法(fa)企業納入(ru)生態(tai)環境(jing)(jing)保(bao)護領域違法(fa)失信名單(dan),實行(xing)公開曝光(guang),開展聯合懲(cheng)戒(jie)。依法(fa)將(jiang)危險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)產生單(dan)位(wei)和危險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)經營單(dan)位(wei)納入(ru)環境(jing)(jing)污染強制責(ze)任保(bao)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)投保(bao)范圍(wei)。

  (三)強化(hua)(hua)危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)全過(guo)程環(huan)(huan)境(jing)監管。地方各(ge)級(ji)生(sheng)態環(huan)(huan)境(jing)部門要(yao)(yao)嚴(yan)格危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)經營許可證(zheng)審(shen)(shen)批(pi)(pi)(pi),不(bu)得違反(fan)國(guo)家法(fa)(fa)律法(fa)(fa)規擅(shan)自下(xia)放審(shen)(shen)批(pi)(pi)(pi)權限;應建(jian)立危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)經營許可證(zheng)審(shen)(shen)批(pi)(pi)(pi)與環(huan)(huan)境(jing)影響評價(jia)(jia)文件(jian)(jian)審(shen)(shen)批(pi)(pi)(pi)的(de)有(you)效(xiao)銜(xian)接機制。新(xin)建(jian)項目要(yao)(yao)嚴(yan)格執(zhi)行(xing)(xing)《建(jian)設項目危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)環(huan)(huan)境(jing)影響評價(jia)(jia)指(zhi)南》及(ji)《危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)處置(zhi)工(gong)程技(ji)術導則》;加大涉危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)重點行(xing)(xing)業建(jian)設項目環(huan)(huan)境(jing)影響評價(jia)(jia)文件(jian)(jian)的(de)技(ji)術校核抽查比例(li),長(chang)期(qi)投(tou)運(yun)企業的(de)危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)產(chan)生(sheng)種類、數(shu)量以及(ji)利(li)用處置(zhi)方式與原(yuan)環(huan)(huan)境(jing)影響評價(jia)(jia)文件(jian)(jian)嚴(yan)重不(bu)一致(zhi)的(de),應盡快按(an)現(xian)有(you)危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)法(fa)(fa)律法(fa)(fa)規和(he)指(zhi)南等文件(jian)(jian)要(yao)(yao)求整改;構成違法(fa)(fa)行(xing)(xing)為的(de),依法(fa)(fa)嚴(yan)格處罰(fa)到(dao)位。結合實施固(gu)(gu)定(ding)污(wu)(wu)染(ran)源排污(wu)(wu)許可制度(du),依法(fa)(fa)將固(gu)(gu)體(ti)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)納(na)入排污(wu)(wu)許可管理。將危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)日常環(huan)(huan)境(jing)監管納(na)入生(sheng)態環(huan)(huan)境(jing)執(zhi)法(fa)(fa)“雙隨機一公(gong)開”內容。優化(hua)(hua)危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)跨省轉移(yi)審(shen)(shen)批(pi)(pi)(pi)手續、明確審(shen)(shen)批(pi)(pi)(pi)時限、運(yun)行(xing)(xing)電(dian)子聯單,為危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)跨區域(yu)轉移(yi)利(li)用提供便利(li)。

  (四)加(jia)強(qiang)監管機(ji)(ji)(ji)構和人才隊(dui)伍建(jian)設(she)。強(qiang)化全國危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)環(huan)境(jing)管理培訓,鼓勵依托條件(jian)較好(hao)的(de)危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)產生單位和危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)經營單位建(jian)設(she)危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)培訓實習基地(di),加(jia)強(qiang)生態環(huan)境(jing)保(bao)護督察(cha)、環(huan)境(jing)影響評(ping)價、排污許可、環(huan)境(jing)執法和固體廢(fei)物(wu)管理機(ji)(ji)(ji)構人員的(de)技術培訓與交(jiao)流。加(jia)強(qiang)危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)專業機(ji)(ji)(ji)構及人才隊(dui)伍建(jian)設(she),組建(jian)危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)環(huan)境(jing)管理專家團隊(dui),強(qiang)化重點難點問題的(de)技術支撐。

  (五)提升信(xin)息(xi)(xi)化(hua)監(jian)(jian)管(guan)(guan)(guan)能(neng)力和(he)(he)水平。開展危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)產生單位在(zai)線(xian)申報登記和(he)(he)管(guan)(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)(li)計劃在(zai)線(xian)備案,全面運(yun)行(xing)危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)轉移電子(zi)聯單,2019年年底(di)前實現全國危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)信(xin)息(xi)(xi)化(hua)管(guan)(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)(li)“一張網”。各(ge)地應(ying)當(dang)保(bao)障固(gu)體廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)管(guan)(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)(li)信(xin)息(xi)(xi)系(xi)統運(yun)維(wei)人(ren)員和(he)(he)經費,確保(bao)聯網運(yun)行(xing)和(he)(he)網絡信(xin)息(xi)(xi)安(an)全。通過(guo)(guo)信(xin)息(xi)(xi)系(xi)統依法公開危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)相(xiang)關信(xin)息(xi)(xi),搭建信(xin)息(xi)(xi)交流平臺。鼓勵有條件(jian)的(de)(de)地區在(zai)重點(dian)單位的(de)(de)重點(dian)環節(jie)和(he)(he)關鍵節(jie)點(dian)推(tui)行(xing)應(ying)用視頻監(jian)(jian)控、電子(zi)標簽等(deng)集(ji)成(cheng)智(zhi)能(neng)監(jian)(jian)控手段,實現對(dui)危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)全過(guo)(guo)程跟(gen)蹤(zong)管(guan)(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)(li)。各(ge)地應(ying)充分(fen)利(li)用“互聯網+監(jian)(jian)管(guan)(guan)(guan)”系(xi)統,加強事中事后環境監(jian)(jian)管(guan)(guan)(guan),歸(gui)集(ji)共享各(ge)類相(xiang)關數據,及時發現和(he)(he)防范苗頭(tou)性(xing)風(feng)險(xian)(xian)。

  三、著力(li)強化危險(xian)廢物(wu)利(li)用處置能力(li)

  (六(liu))統籌(chou)危(wei)險廢物處(chu)置能(neng)(neng)力(li)建(jian)設。推動建(jian)立“省(sheng)域(yu)內能(neng)(neng)力(li)總體匹配、省(sheng)域(yu)間(jian)協同合(he)作、特殊類別全(quan)國統籌(chou)”的危(wei)險廢物處(chu)置體系。

  各省級生態環(huan)境(jing)部門應于2020年(nian)年(nian)底(di)前(qian)完(wan)成危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)物(wu)產生、利用處置(zhi)能力和設(she)(she)(she)施(shi)運行(xing)情況評估(gu),科學制定并(bing)實施(shi)危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)物(wu)集(ji)中處置(zhi)設(she)(she)(she)施(shi)建設(she)(she)(she)規(gui)劃,推(tui)動地方政府將危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)物(wu)集(ji)中處置(zhi)設(she)(she)(she)施(shi)納入當地公共基礎設(she)(she)(she)施(shi)統(tong)籌(chou)建設(she)(she)(she),并(bing)針對集(ji)中焚燒和填埋處置(zhi)危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)物(wu)在稅收、資金投入和建設(she)(she)(she)用地等方面給予政策保障。

  長三(san)角(jiao)、珠三(san)角(jiao)、京津冀和長江經(jing)濟帶其(qi)他地區(qu)等應當開展危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)(wu)集中(zhong)處(chu)置區(qu)域(yu)(yu)合作,跨(kua)(kua)省(sheng)(sheng)域(yu)(yu)協同規劃、共享(xiang)危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)(wu)集中(zhong)處(chu)置能力。鼓勵開展區(qu)域(yu)(yu)合作的(de)(de)省(sheng)(sheng)份之間,探索以“白(bai)名單”方式對危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)(wu)跨(kua)(kua)省(sheng)(sheng)轉移審批實行簡化許(xu)可。探索建立危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)(wu)跨(kua)(kua)區(qu)域(yu)(yu)轉移處(chu)置的(de)(de)生(sheng)態(tai)環境保護補(bu)償機制(zhi)。

  對多氯聯苯廢(fei)物等(deng)需(xu)要特殊處置的(de)危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物和含汞廢(fei)物等(deng)具有地域(yu)分布特征的(de)危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物,實行全國統(tong)籌和相對集(ji)中布局,打造專業化利用處置基地。加強廢(fei)酸、廢(fei)鹽、生活(huo)垃圾焚燒飛灰等(deng)危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物利用處置能力建設。

  鼓(gu)勵石(shi)油開采、石(shi)化(hua)、化(hua)工(gong)、有色等產業(ye)基地、大型企業(ye)集團(tuan)根據需要自行配套建設高標準的危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢物利(li)用(yong)處置設施。鼓(gu)勵化(hua)工(gong)等工(gong)業(ye)園區配套建設危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢物集中貯(zhu)存、預處理和(he)處置設施。

  (七)促(cu)進危險(xian)廢物(wu)源(yuan)頭(tou)減(jian)量(liang)與(yu)資源(yuan)化(hua)利(li)用(yong)。企業應采(cai)取清潔生(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)等(deng)措施,從源(yuan)頭(tou)減(jian)少危險(xian)廢物(wu)的產(chan)生(sheng)(sheng)量(liang)和(he)危害(hai)性(xing),優先(xian)實行企業內部資源(yuan)化(hua)利(li)用(yong)危險(xian)廢物(wu)。鼓(gu)勵有條(tiao)件的地(di)(di)區結合本地(di)(di)實際情況制定(ding)危險(xian)廢物(wu)資源(yuan)化(hua)利(li)用(yong)污染控(kong)制標準或技術規范。鼓(gu)勵省級生(sheng)(sheng)態環境部門(men)在環境風(feng)險(xian)可控(kong)前提下(xia),探索開展危險(xian)廢物(wu)“點(dian)(dian)對(dui)點(dian)(dian)”定(ding)向(xiang)利(li)用(yong)的危險(xian)廢物(wu)經營許可豁免管理(li)試點(dian)(dian)。

  (八(ba))推(tui)進危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)利(li)用(yong)處(chu)(chu)置(zhi)能力結構優化(hua)。鼓勵危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)龍(long)頭企業(ye)通過兼并重組等方式做(zuo)(zuo)大(da)做(zuo)(zuo)強,推(tui)行危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)專業(ye)化(hua)、規模化(hua)利(li)用(yong),建(jian)設(she)技術先進的大(da)型危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)焚(fen)燒處(chu)(chu)置(zhi)設(she)施(shi),控制可焚(fen)燒減(jian)量的危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)直接填埋。制定重點類別危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)經(jing)營許可證審查指南(nan),開展危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)利(li)用(yong)處(chu)(chu)置(zhi)設(she)施(shi)績效評估。支持大(da)型企業(ye)集(ji)團跨(kua)區(qu)域統籌布局,集(ji)團內部共享危(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)利(li)用(yong)處(chu)(chu)置(zhi)設(she)施(shi)。

  (九)健全危險(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)收集(ji)體系。鼓勵省級生(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)環(huan)境部門選擇(ze)典型區(qu)域、典型企業(ye)和典型危險(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)類別,組(zu)織開展(zhan)危險(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)集(ji)中收集(ji)貯存試(shi)點(dian)(dian)工作。落實生(sheng)(sheng)產者責任(ren)延伸制(zhi),推動有條件的生(sheng)(sheng)產企業(ye)依托銷售網點(dian)(dian)回收其產品使用過(guo)程產生(sheng)(sheng)的危險(xian)(xian)廢物(wu),開展(zhan)鉛(qian)蓄電池生(sheng)(sheng)產企業(ye)集(ji)中收集(ji)和跨區(qu)域轉運制(zhi)度試(shi)點(dian)(dian)工作,依托礦物(wu)油生(sheng)(sheng)產企業(ye)開展(zhan)廢礦物(wu)油收集(ji)網絡建設試(shi)點(dian)(dian)。

  (十)推(tui)動醫療(liao)(liao)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)建(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)。加強(qiang)與衛生健康部(bu)門配合,制定醫療(liao)(liao)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)集(ji)中(zhong)處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)建(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)規劃,2020年年底前(qian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)區市的醫療(liao)(liao)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)力滿足本地區實際需求(qiu)(qiu);2022年6月底前(qian)各縣(市)具(ju)有較為(wei)完善(shan)的醫療(liao)(liao)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)收(shou)集(ji)轉(zhuan)運處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)體系。不(bu)具(ju)備集(ji)中(zhong)處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)條件的醫療(liao)(liao)衛生機(ji)構,應(ying)(ying)配套自建(jian)符合要求(qiu)(qiu)的醫療(liao)(liao)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)。鼓(gu)勵發(fa)展移動式醫療(liao)(liao)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi),為(wei)偏(pian)遠基層提供就(jiu)地處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)服務。各省(區、市)應(ying)(ying)建(jian)立(li)醫療(liao)(liao)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)協同應(ying)(ying)急(ji)處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)機(ji)制,保障(zhang)突發(fa)疫情、處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)檢修等期間(jian)醫療(liao)(liao)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)應(ying)(ying)急(ji)處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)力。

  (十(shi)一)規(gui)范水泥窯及(ji)工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)爐窯協同處(chu)置(zhi)。適(shi)度發(fa)展水泥窯協同處(chu)置(zhi)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)項目,將其作為(wei)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)利(li)用(yong)處(chu)置(zhi)能(neng)力的有益補(bu)充。能(neng)有效(xiao)發(fa)揮協同處(chu)置(zhi)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)功能(neng)的水泥窯,在重(zhong)污染天氣預警期間,可(ke)根據(ju)實際處(chu)置(zhi)能(neng)力減免相(xiang)應減排措施。支(zhi)持工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)爐窯協同處(chu)置(zhi)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)技術研發(fa),依托有條件的企業(ye)開展鋼鐵(tie)冶煉等工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)爐窯協同處(chu)置(zhi)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)試點。

  四、著力(li)強化危險廢物環境風險防范能力(li)

   (十二)完善(shan)政策法規標準體系。貫徹落實《中(zhong)華人民共和國固體廢(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)污(wu)染(ran)(ran)環境防治法》,研究修訂《危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)經(jing)營(ying)許可(ke)證管(guan)理辦法》《危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)轉移聯單管(guan)理辦法》等(deng)法規規章。修訂危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)貯存、焚燒以及水泥窯(yao)協同處置(zhi)等(deng)污(wu)染(ran)(ran)控制標準。配(pei)合(he)有關部門完善(shan)《資源綜合(he)利用(yong)產品和勞(lao)務增值(zhi)稅優(you)惠目(mu)錄》,推動完善(shan)危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)利用(yong)稅收優(you)惠政策和處置(zhi)收費制度。

  (十三)著(zhu)力解決(jue)危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)鑒(jian)(jian)別難(nan)問(wen)題。推動危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)分級分類管理(li),動態修(xiu)訂《國家危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)名錄》及豁(huo)免管理(li)清單(dan),研(yan)(yan)究(jiu)建立危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)排除清單(dan)。修(xiu)訂《危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)鑒(jian)(jian)別標(biao)準(zhun)》《危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)鑒(jian)(jian)別技(ji)術規范》等標(biao)準(zhun)規范。研(yan)(yan)究(jiu)制(zhi)定危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)鑒(jian)(jian)別單(dan)位管理(li)辦法,強化企業的危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)鑒(jian)(jian)別主體責(ze)任,鼓勵科(ke)研(yan)(yan)院所、規范化檢測機構開展(zhan)危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)鑒(jian)(jian)別。

  (十(shi)四)建立區域(yu)(yu)和(he)部(bu)門(men)聯防(fang)聯控(kong)聯治(zhi)機制(zhi)。推進長三角等(deng)區域(yu)(yu)編制(zhi)危(wei)險廢物聯防(fang)聯治(zhi)實施方案。地方各級生態(tai)環境部(bu)門(men)依(yi)照有關(guan)環境保(bao)護法(fa)(fa)律法(fa)(fa)規加強危(wei)險廢物環境監督管理,應與發(fa)展改革、衛生健康、交(jiao)通運(yun)輸、公安(an)(an)、應急等(deng)相關(guan)行政主(zhu)管部(bu)門(men)建立合作機制(zhi),強化信息共享和(he)協作配合;生態(tai)環境執法(fa)(fa)檢查中發(fa)現涉嫌危(wei)險廢物環境違法(fa)(fa)犯罪的問(wen)題,應及時移(yi)交(jiao)公安(an)(an)機關(guan);發(fa)現涉及安(an)(an)全、消防(fang)等(deng)方面的問(wen)題,應及時將(jiang)線(xian)索移(yi)交(jiao)相關(guan)行政主(zhu)管部(bu)門(men)。

  (十五(wu))強化(hua)(hua)化(hua)(hua)工園(yuan)區(qu)環(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)風(feng)險(xian)(xian)(xian)防控(kong)(kong)。深入排(pai)查化(hua)(hua)工園(yuan)區(qu)環(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)風(feng)險(xian)(xian)(xian)隱患,督促落實(shi)化(hua)(hua)工園(yuan)區(qu)環(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)保(bao)護主體責任和“一園(yuan)一策”危險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)利(li)用處置(zhi)要求。新建園(yuan)區(qu)要科學評估(gu)園(yuan)區(qu)內企業危險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)產生種類和數量,保(bao)障危險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)利(li)用處置(zhi)能(neng)力(li)。鼓勵有條件的化(hua)(hua)工園(yuan)區(qu)建立危險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)智能(neng)化(hua)(hua)可追溯管控(kong)(kong)平臺,實(shi)現(xian)園(yuan)區(qu)內危險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)全程管控(kong)(kong)。

  (十六(liu))提升危險(xian)(xian)廢物環(huan)境應(ying)急(ji)響應(ying)能力。深入(ru)(ru)推(tui)進跨區域、跨部門(men)協(xie)同應(ying)急(ji)處(chu)置突發環(huan)境事件及(ji)其(qi)處(chu)理過程(cheng)中產生的(de)(de)危險(xian)(xian)廢物,完善現場指(zhi)揮(hui)與協(xie)調制度以及(ji)信息報告和公開機制。加強突發環(huan)境事件及(ji)其(qi)處(chu)理過程(cheng)中產生的(de)(de)危險(xian)(xian)廢物應(ying)急(ji)處(chu)置的(de)(de)管理隊伍、專(zhuan)家隊伍建設,將危險(xian)(xian)廢物利用處(chu)置龍頭(tou)企業(ye)納(na)入(ru)(ru)突發環(huan)境事件應(ying)急(ji)處(chu)置工(gong)作(zuo)體系。

  (十(shi)七)嚴(yan)厲打擊(ji)固體(ti)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)環境(jing)(jing)(jing)違法(fa)行為(wei)。截至2020年10月(yue)底,聚焦長(chang)江經(jing)濟帶(dai),深入開展“清廢(fei)(fei)行動”;會(hui)同相關(guan)部門(men),以醫療廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)、廢(fei)(fei)酸(suan)、廢(fei)(fei)鉛(qian)蓄電池、廢(fei)(fei)礦物(wu)(wu)油等危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)為(wei)重點,持(chi)續開展打擊(ji)固體(ti)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)環境(jing)(jing)(jing)違法(fa)犯罪(zui)活動。結合(he)生態環境(jing)(jing)(jing)保護(hu)統籌強化監督,分期分批分類(lei)開展危(wei)(wei)險廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)經(jing)營單位專項檢查。

  (十八(ba))加強危(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)污(wu)染(ran)(ran)防(fang)治(zhi)科技支撐(cheng)。建設區(qu)域(yu)性危(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)和化學品(pin)測試分(fen)析、環(huan)境風險(xian)(xian)(xian)評估與污(wu)染(ran)(ran)控制技術(shu)實驗室,充分(fen)發揮(hui)國(guo)家環(huan)境保護(hu)危(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)處置(zhi)工(gong)程技術(shu)中(zhong)心的作用,加強危(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)環(huan)境風險(xian)(xian)(xian)評估、污(wu)染(ran)(ran)控制技術(shu)等基礎研究。鼓勵廢(fei)酸、廢(fei)鹽、生(sheng)活垃圾焚燒飛(fei)灰(hui)等難處置(zhi)危(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)污(wu)染(ran)(ran)防(fang)治(zhi)和利用處置(zhi)技術(shu)研發、應用、示范和推(tui)廣。開展重點(dian)行業(ye)危(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)調查,分(fen)階(jie)段分(fen)步驟制定重點(dian)行業(ye)、重點(dian)類(lei)別危(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)污(wu)染(ran)(ran)防(fang)治(zhi)配套政(zheng)策和標準規(gui)范。

  五、保障措施

  (十(shi)九(jiu))加強組織實(shi)施。各級生態環境部門要(yao)充(chong)分認識提升危(wei)險(xian)廢物“三(san)個(ge)能力”的(de)重要(yao)性,細化工作措施,明確任務分工、時間表(biao)、路線圖、責(ze)任人,確保各項(xiang)任務落實(shi)到位(wei)。

  (二十)壓實(shi)地(di)方責(ze)(ze)任(ren)。建(jian)立健全(quan)危險(xian)廢物污染環(huan)境督(du)察問責(ze)(ze)長效機(ji)制,對危險(xian)廢物環(huan)境違法(fa)案件頻發、處(chu)置能力嚴(yan)重(zhong)不足并造(zao)成嚴(yan)重(zhong)環(huan)境污染或(huo)惡劣社會(hui)影(ying)響的地(di)方,視(shi)情開展專項督(du)察,并依(yi)紀依(yi)法(fa)實(shi)施督(du)察問責(ze)(ze)。

  (二十一)加(jia)大投入(ru)力度。加(jia)強危險(xian)廢物(wu)“三個能力”建(jian)設的工作經費保障。各地應結(jie)合實際(ji),通過(guo)統籌各類專項資金、引導社(she)會資金參與(yu)等多種形式建(jian)立危險(xian)廢物(wu)“三個能力”建(jian)設的資金渠道。

  (二(er)十二(er))強(qiang)(qiang)化公(gong)眾參與。鼓勵(li)將舉報危險(xian)廢物非法轉移、傾倒、處置(zhi)(zhi)等列入重點獎勵(li)范圍,提(ti)高公(gong)眾、社會(hui)組織參與積(ji)極性。推進危險(xian)廢物利(li)用處置(zhi)(zhi)設(she)施向公(gong)眾開放。加強(qiang)(qiang)對涉危險(xian)廢物重大環境案件查處情況的宣傳,形(xing)成強(qiang)(qiang)力震懾(she),營造良好社會(hui)氛圍。

生態環境部

2019年10月15日

  (此件社(she)會公開)

  抄(chao)送(song):中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)石(shi)油天然氣(qi)集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)石(shi)油化(hua)工(gong)(gong)集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)海洋石(shi)油集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、鞍鋼集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)寶武鋼鐵集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)鋁業(ye)集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)化(hua)集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)五礦集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)節能環(huan)保集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)鋼集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)化(hua)工(gong)(gong)集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)化(hua)學工(gong)(gong)程集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)色礦業(ye)集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)醫藥集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)黃金集(ji)(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)(gong)司(si)。

  生態環境部辦(ban)公(gong)廳2019年10月16日印發

  
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