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政策法規
關于提升危廢幾個能力的指導意見
發布時間: 2019/10/22

關于提升危險廢物環境監管能力、利用處置能力和環境風險防范能力的指導意見

 

各省、自(zi)治區、直轄市生態環境廳(局(ju)),新疆生產(chan)建設兵團生態環境局(ju):

  危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)環(huan)境管(guan)理是生(sheng)態(tai)文(wen)明(ming)建設和(he)生(sheng)態(tai)環(huan)境保護的重(zhong)要方(fang)面(mian),是打好污染防(fang)(fang)治攻堅戰的重(zhong)要內容,對于改善環(huan)境質量(liang),防(fang)(fang)范環(huan)境風(feng)險(xian)(xian),維護生(sheng)態(tai)環(huan)境安全,保障人體健康(kang)具有重(zhong)要意(yi)義。為切實提升危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)環(huan)境監管(guan)能(neng)力(li)(li)、利用處置(zhi)能(neng)力(li)(li)和(he)環(huan)境風(feng)險(xian)(xian)防(fang)(fang)范能(neng)力(li)(li)(以下(xia)簡稱“三個能(neng)力(li)(li)”),提出(chu)以下(xia)意(yi)見。

  一、總體要求

  以(yi)習近平新時代中(zhong)國(guo)(guo)特色(se)社(she)會主義(yi)思想(xiang)為指導,深入貫徹落實(shi)習近平生態文(wen)明思想(xiang)和(he)全(quan)國(guo)(guo)生態環(huan)境(jing)(jing)保護大(da)會精神,以(yi)改善(shan)環(huan)境(jing)(jing)質量為核(he)心,以(yi)有效防范環(huan)境(jing)(jing)風險為目標,以(yi)疏堵結合、先(xian)行先(xian)試、分步實(shi)施、聯防聯控為原(yuan)則,聚焦重點地區和(he)重點行業,圍(wei)繞打好污染防治攻堅戰,著力(li)提升危險廢物(wu)“三個(ge)能(neng)力(li)”,切實(shi)維(wei)護生態環(huan)境(jing)(jing)安全(quan)和(he)人民群(qun)眾身體健康。

  到2025年(nian)年(nian)底,建立健(jian)全“源(yuan)頭嚴防(fang)、過程嚴管(guan)、后果(guo)嚴懲”的危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)環境監管(guan)體系(xi);各省(區、市)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)利(li)用(yong)(yong)處(chu)置能力與(yu)實(shi)(shi)際(ji)需(xu)求基本匹(pi)配,全國危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)利(li)用(yong)(yong)處(chu)置能力與(yu)實(shi)(shi)際(ji)需(xu)要總體平衡,布局趨于合理;危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)環境風險(xian)(xian)防(fang)范能力顯著提(ti)升,危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)非法轉移傾倒(dao)案件高發態(tai)勢得到有效遏(e)制。其中,2020年(nian)年(nian)底前(qian),長(chang)三(san)角地區(包括上海(hai)市、江蘇省、浙江省)及“無廢(fei)(fei)城市”建設(she)試點城市率先實(shi)(shi)現;2022年(nian)年(nian)底前(qian),珠(zhu)三(san)角、京津冀和長(chang)江經濟帶其他地區提(ti)前(qian)實(shi)(shi)現。

  二、著力強化危險廢物環境監管能力

  (一)完(wan)善危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢物監管(guan)(guan)源清(qing)(qing)單。各級生態環境部(bu)門要結合第二次全國污染源普查、環境統計(ji)工作分別健全危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢物產生單位清(qing)(qing)單和擁(yong)有危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢物自(zi)行利用處置設施(shi)的單位清(qing)(qing)單,在此基礎上,結合危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢物經營(ying)單位清(qing)(qing)單,建(jian)立危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢物重點監管(guan)(guan)單位清(qing)(qing)單。自(zi)2020年起,上述(shu)清(qing)(qing)單納入全國固體廢物管(guan)(guan)理信息系統統一管(guan)(guan)理。

  (二)持續推進危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)規范(fan)(fan)化環(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)管(guan)理(li)。地(di)方(fang)各級(ji)生(sheng)態(tai)環(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)部(bu)門要(yao)加強(qiang)危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)環(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)執法檢(jian)查,督(du)促企業(ye)落實(shi)相關法律(lv)制度和標準規范(fan)(fan)要(yao)求。各省(區、市)應(ying)當將(jiang)危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)規范(fan)(fan)化環(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)管(guan)理(li)情(qing)況納(na)入(ru)(ru)對地(di)方(fang)環(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)保(bao)護績效考核的指(zhi)標體系中,督(du)促地(di)方(fang)政府落實(shi)監管(guan)責(ze)任(ren)。推進企業(ye)環(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)信(xin)用評(ping)價(jia),將(jiang)違法企業(ye)納(na)入(ru)(ru)生(sheng)態(tai)環(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)保(bao)護領域違法失信(xin)名單,實(shi)行公開曝(pu)光,開展聯合懲戒。依(yi)法將(jiang)危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)產生(sheng)單位和危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)經營單位納(na)入(ru)(ru)環(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)污染(ran)強(qiang)制責(ze)任(ren)保(bao)險(xian)投保(bao)范(fan)(fan)圍。

  (三)強化危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)全過程環(huan)(huan)境監(jian)管。地方(fang)各級生態環(huan)(huan)境部門要(yao)嚴(yan)(yan)(yan)格(ge)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)經營(ying)許(xu)(xu)可(ke)(ke)證審(shen)批(pi),不得違(wei)(wei)反國家法(fa)律法(fa)規擅自下放審(shen)批(pi)權(quan)限;應(ying)建立危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)經營(ying)許(xu)(xu)可(ke)(ke)證審(shen)批(pi)與環(huan)(huan)境影(ying)響(xiang)評價(jia)文(wen)(wen)件(jian)(jian)審(shen)批(pi)的(de)有效銜接(jie)機(ji)(ji)制(zhi)。新建項(xiang)目要(yao)嚴(yan)(yan)(yan)格(ge)執(zhi)行(xing)(xing)《建設(she)項(xiang)目危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)環(huan)(huan)境影(ying)響(xiang)評價(jia)指(zhi)南》及《危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)處(chu)置工程技術導則》;加(jia)大涉(she)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)重(zhong)點行(xing)(xing)業建設(she)項(xiang)目環(huan)(huan)境影(ying)響(xiang)評價(jia)文(wen)(wen)件(jian)(jian)的(de)技術校(xiao)核抽查比例,長期投(tou)運企業的(de)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)產生種類、數量以及利(li)用處(chu)置方(fang)式與原環(huan)(huan)境影(ying)響(xiang)評價(jia)文(wen)(wen)件(jian)(jian)嚴(yan)(yan)(yan)重(zhong)不一(yi)致的(de),應(ying)盡快按現有危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)法(fa)律法(fa)規和指(zhi)南等(deng)文(wen)(wen)件(jian)(jian)要(yao)求整改(gai);構成違(wei)(wei)法(fa)行(xing)(xing)為(wei)(wei)的(de),依(yi)法(fa)嚴(yan)(yan)(yan)格(ge)處(chu)罰到位。結合實施固定污染源(yuan)排(pai)污許(xu)(xu)可(ke)(ke)制(zhi)度(du),依(yi)法(fa)將固體廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)納(na)入(ru)排(pai)污許(xu)(xu)可(ke)(ke)管理。將危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)日(ri)常環(huan)(huan)境監(jian)管納(na)入(ru)生態環(huan)(huan)境執(zhi)法(fa)“雙(shuang)隨機(ji)(ji)一(yi)公開”內容。優化危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)跨省(sheng)轉移審(shen)批(pi)手續、明確審(shen)批(pi)時(shi)限、運行(xing)(xing)電子(zi)聯單,為(wei)(wei)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)跨區(qu)域轉移利(li)用提(ti)供便利(li)。

  (四(si))加(jia)強(qiang)監管機構和(he)人(ren)才隊伍建(jian)設。強(qiang)化全(quan)國危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物環境(jing)(jing)(jing)管理(li)(li)培訓,鼓勵依(yi)托(tuo)條(tiao)件較(jiao)好的危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物產生(sheng)(sheng)單(dan)位(wei)和(he)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物經(jing)營單(dan)位(wei)建(jian)設危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物培訓實習(xi)基地,加(jia)強(qiang)生(sheng)(sheng)態環境(jing)(jing)(jing)保(bao)護督察、環境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)響評價(jia)、排(pai)污許可、環境(jing)(jing)(jing)執法(fa)和(he)固(gu)體廢(fei)物管理(li)(li)機構人(ren)員的技(ji)(ji)術(shu)培訓與交(jiao)流。加(jia)強(qiang)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物專(zhuan)業機構及人(ren)才隊伍建(jian)設,組(zu)建(jian)危(wei)(wei)(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物環境(jing)(jing)(jing)管理(li)(li)專(zhuan)家(jia)團隊,強(qiang)化重(zhong)點難點問題的技(ji)(ji)術(shu)支撐。

  (五(wu))提升信(xin)息(xi)化(hua)監管(guan)能力和(he)(he)水平(ping)。開展危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)產生單(dan)位在線申報登(deng)記和(he)(he)管(guan)理計劃(hua)在線備案,全面運(yun)行危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)轉移電(dian)子聯(lian)單(dan),2019年(nian)年(nian)底(di)前(qian)實現(xian)(xian)全國危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)信(xin)息(xi)化(hua)管(guan)理“一張網(wang)”。各地應當保障固體廢(fei)物(wu)管(guan)理信(xin)息(xi)系(xi)統運(yun)維人員和(he)(he)經費,確保聯(lian)網(wang)運(yun)行和(he)(he)網(wang)絡信(xin)息(xi)安全。通過信(xin)息(xi)系(xi)統依(yi)法公開危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)相(xiang)關(guan)信(xin)息(xi),搭建信(xin)息(xi)交流平(ping)臺。鼓勵有條件的地區在重點(dian)單(dan)位的重點(dian)環(huan)節和(he)(he)關(guan)鍵節點(dian)推行應用視頻監控、電(dian)子標簽等集(ji)成智(zhi)能監控手段(duan),實現(xian)(xian)對(dui)危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物(wu)全過程跟蹤管(guan)理。各地應充分利用“互聯(lian)網(wang)+監管(guan)”系(xi)統,加強事中事后環(huan)境監管(guan),歸集(ji)共享各類相(xiang)關(guan)數據,及時發現(xian)(xian)和(he)(he)防范苗頭性風險(xian)。

  三、著力強化危(wei)險廢物利用處置能力

  (六(liu))統(tong)(tong)籌危險廢物(wu)(wu)處置(zhi)能力建(jian)設。推動建(jian)立“省(sheng)(sheng)域內能力總(zong)體匹配、省(sheng)(sheng)域間(jian)協(xie)同合(he)作、特殊類別全國統(tong)(tong)籌”的危險廢物(wu)(wu)處置(zhi)體系。

  各省級生態(tai)環(huan)境部門應(ying)于2020年年底前完成危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物產生、利用(yong)處置能(neng)力和設(she)施(shi)(shi)運(yun)行(xing)情況評(ping)估,科學制定(ding)并(bing)實施(shi)(shi)危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物集中處置設(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)設(she)規劃,推動(dong)地方政(zheng)府將危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物集中處置設(she)施(shi)(shi)納入(ru)當地公共(gong)基礎設(she)施(shi)(shi)統籌(chou)建(jian)設(she),并(bing)針(zhen)對集中焚燒(shao)和填埋處置危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)物在稅收、資金(jin)投入(ru)和建(jian)設(she)用(yong)地等(deng)方面給(gei)予政(zheng)策保障。

  長三角、珠三角、京津(jin)冀和長江經濟帶其他(ta)地區(qu)等應當開展危險廢物集中(zhong)處(chu)置區(qu)域合(he)作(zuo)(zuo),跨(kua)省(sheng)域協同規(gui)劃(hua)、共享危險廢物集中(zhong)處(chu)置能(neng)力。鼓勵開展區(qu)域合(he)作(zuo)(zuo)的省(sheng)份(fen)之間,探(tan)索(suo)(suo)以“白名單”方(fang)式對危險廢物跨(kua)省(sheng)轉移審批實行簡化許可(ke)。探(tan)索(suo)(suo)建立危險廢物跨(kua)區(qu)域轉移處(chu)置的生態環境保護(hu)補償機制。

  對(dui)多氯聯苯(ben)廢(fei)物等(deng)需要特殊處置的危(wei)險廢(fei)物和含(han)汞廢(fei)物等(deng)具有(you)地域分布(bu)特征的危(wei)險廢(fei)物,實行全國統籌和相對(dui)集中(zhong)布(bu)局,打造專業化利用(yong)處置基地。加強廢(fei)酸、廢(fei)鹽、生活垃(la)圾(ji)焚燒飛灰等(deng)危(wei)險廢(fei)物利用(yong)處置能力建(jian)設。

  鼓勵(li)石(shi)油開采、石(shi)化、化工、有色等產業基(ji)地、大型企業集團根據需要自(zi)行配套建(jian)設(she)(she)高標準的危險(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)利用處置設(she)(she)施(shi)。鼓勵(li)化工等工業園區配套建(jian)設(she)(she)危險(xian)(xian)廢物(wu)集中貯存、預處理和處置設(she)(she)施(shi)。

  (七(qi))促進(jin)危(wei)險廢物(wu)(wu)源(yuan)頭減量與資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)化(hua)利(li)(li)用。企(qi)業應采取(qu)清潔生產等措施,從源(yuan)頭減少(shao)危(wei)險廢物(wu)(wu)的(de)產生量和危(wei)害性(xing),優先(xian)實(shi)行企(qi)業內部資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)化(hua)利(li)(li)用危(wei)險廢物(wu)(wu)。鼓勵有條件(jian)的(de)地區結合本地實(shi)際情(qing)況制定危(wei)險廢物(wu)(wu)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)化(hua)利(li)(li)用污染控(kong)制標準或技術規范。鼓勵省級生態環境部門(men)在環境風(feng)險可(ke)控(kong)前提下,探索開展危(wei)險廢物(wu)(wu)“點對點”定向利(li)(li)用的(de)危(wei)險廢物(wu)(wu)經(jing)營許(xu)可(ke)豁免管理(li)試點。

  (八)推(tui)進危險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)利用(yong)(yong)處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)能力結構(gou)優化。鼓勵(li)危險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)龍頭企業(ye)通過(guo)兼(jian)并重組等方(fang)式做(zuo)大(da)做(zuo)強,推(tui)行(xing)危險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)專(zhuan)業(ye)化、規模化利用(yong)(yong),建設(she)技術先進的(de)大(da)型危險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)焚(fen)燒處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)設(she)施(shi),控制可(ke)焚(fen)燒減量的(de)危險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)直接填埋(mai)。制定重點類(lei)別危險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)經營許(xu)可(ke)證審查指南,開(kai)展危險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)利用(yong)(yong)處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)設(she)施(shi)績效評估。支(zhi)持大(da)型企業(ye)集團(tuan)跨(kua)區域統籌布局,集團(tuan)內部共享危險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)利用(yong)(yong)處(chu)(chu)(chu)置(zhi)設(she)施(shi)。

  (九)健全危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)收集體系。鼓勵(li)省(sheng)級生態環境(jing)部門選擇典型區(qu)域、典型企業(ye)(ye)和典型危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)類別,組織開展(zhan)危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)集中收集貯存試(shi)點(dian)(dian)工(gong)作。落(luo)實生產者責任延伸制(zhi),推(tui)動有條件的生產企業(ye)(ye)依托銷售網點(dian)(dian)回收其產品(pin)使用過(guo)程產生的危(wei)(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)(wu),開展(zhan)鉛蓄電池生產企業(ye)(ye)集中收集和跨區(qu)域轉(zhuan)運制(zhi)度(du)試(shi)點(dian)(dian)工(gong)作,依托礦物(wu)(wu)(wu)油生產企業(ye)(ye)開展(zhan)廢(fei)(fei)(fei)礦物(wu)(wu)(wu)油收集網絡(luo)建(jian)設試(shi)點(dian)(dian)。

  (十)推動醫(yi)療(liao)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)處(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)施建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)。加(jia)強(qiang)與(yu)衛生健康部門配(pei)合(he),制定醫(yi)療(liao)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)集(ji)中處(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)施建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)規(gui)劃,2020年(nian)年(nian)底前設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)市的(de)(de)醫(yi)療(liao)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)處(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)力滿足本地區(qu)實際需求;2022年(nian)6月(yue)底前各(ge)縣(市)具有(you)較(jiao)為完善的(de)(de)醫(yi)療(liao)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)收集(ji)轉運處(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)體系。不(bu)具備集(ji)中處(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)條(tiao)件的(de)(de)醫(yi)療(liao)衛生機構,應配(pei)套自建(jian)(jian)符合(he)要求的(de)(de)醫(yi)療(liao)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)處(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)施。鼓勵(li)發展移動式醫(yi)療(liao)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)處(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)施,為偏(pian)遠基層提供就地處(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)服(fu)務。各(ge)省(sheng)(區(qu)、市)應建(jian)(jian)立醫(yi)療(liao)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)協同應急(ji)處(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)機制,保障突發疫情、處(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)施檢修等期(qi)間醫(yi)療(liao)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)應急(ji)處(chu)置(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)力。

  (十一)規范(fan)水泥窯(yao)及工業爐窯(yao)協(xie)(xie)(xie)同處置。適度發展(zhan)水泥窯(yao)協(xie)(xie)(xie)同處置危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物項(xiang)目(mu),將其作為危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物利用處置能(neng)力的有(you)益補充。能(neng)有(you)效發揮(hui)協(xie)(xie)(xie)同處置危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物功能(neng)的水泥窯(yao),在重污染天氣(qi)預(yu)警期間(jian),可根據實際處置能(neng)力減免相應減排措施。支(zhi)持工業爐窯(yao)協(xie)(xie)(xie)同處置危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物技術研發,依托有(you)條(tiao)件的企業開展(zhan)鋼(gang)鐵(tie)冶煉(lian)等(deng)工業爐窯(yao)協(xie)(xie)(xie)同處置危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)物試點。

  四、著力強(qiang)化危險廢物環境風險防范能力

  (十二)完善政策(ce)法(fa)(fa)規標(biao)準(zhun)體(ti)系。貫(guan)徹落實(shi)《中華人民共和國固體(ti)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)污(wu)染環境防治法(fa)(fa)》,研究(jiu)修訂(ding)《危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)經(jing)營許可證管(guan)理辦(ban)法(fa)(fa)》《危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)轉移聯單(dan)管(guan)理辦(ban)法(fa)(fa)》等法(fa)(fa)規規章。修訂(ding)危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)貯存(cun)、焚燒以及水泥窯(yao)協同處(chu)置等污(wu)染控制標(biao)準(zhun)。配合有關部門(men)完善《資源(yuan)綜合利(li)用產品和勞(lao)務增(zeng)值(zhi)稅優惠目(mu)錄(lu)》,推動(dong)完善危(wei)險(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)利(li)用稅收(shou)優惠政策(ce)和處(chu)置收(shou)費(fei)制度。

  (十三)著力解(jie)決危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)鑒(jian)別(bie)(bie)難(nan)問題。推動危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)分級(ji)分類管理(li),動態(tai)修訂《國家(jia)危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)名錄》及(ji)豁免管理(li)清(qing)單(dan),研(yan)究建立危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)排除清(qing)單(dan)。修訂《危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)鑒(jian)別(bie)(bie)標(biao)準》《危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)鑒(jian)別(bie)(bie)技術(shu)規(gui)范》等標(biao)準規(gui)范。研(yan)究制定危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)鑒(jian)別(bie)(bie)單(dan)位管理(li)辦法(fa),強化(hua)企業(ye)的危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)鑒(jian)別(bie)(bie)主(zhu)體責任,鼓勵(li)科研(yan)院(yuan)所、規(gui)范化(hua)檢測機(ji)構開展危(wei)險(xian)(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)(wu)鑒(jian)別(bie)(bie)。

  (十(shi)四)建(jian)(jian)立(li)區(qu)域和(he)(he)部(bu)門(men)(men)聯防(fang)聯控(kong)聯治機制。推(tui)進(jin)長三角等區(qu)域編制危(wei)險(xian)廢物(wu)聯防(fang)聯治實(shi)施方案。地方各級生(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)環(huan)(huan)境部(bu)門(men)(men)依照有關(guan)(guan)環(huan)(huan)境保護(hu)法律法規加(jia)強(qiang)危(wei)險(xian)廢物(wu)環(huan)(huan)境監督管理,應(ying)與發(fa)(fa)展改革、衛生(sheng)(sheng)健(jian)康(kang)、交通運輸、公安、應(ying)急等相(xiang)(xiang)關(guan)(guan)行(xing)政主(zhu)管部(bu)門(men)(men)建(jian)(jian)立(li)合作機制,強(qiang)化信息共(gong)享(xiang)和(he)(he)協作配合;生(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)環(huan)(huan)境執法檢查中發(fa)(fa)現涉嫌危(wei)險(xian)廢物(wu)環(huan)(huan)境違(wei)法犯(fan)罪的問題,應(ying)及(ji)時移(yi)交公安機關(guan)(guan);發(fa)(fa)現涉及(ji)安全(quan)、消防(fang)等方面的問題,應(ying)及(ji)時將線索移(yi)交相(xiang)(xiang)關(guan)(guan)行(xing)政主(zhu)管部(bu)門(men)(men)。

  (十五)強化(hua)(hua)(hua)化(hua)(hua)(hua)工園區(qu)環境(jing)風(feng)(feng)險(xian)防控(kong)(kong)(kong)。深入排查化(hua)(hua)(hua)工園區(qu)環境(jing)風(feng)(feng)險(xian)隱患,督(du)促落實化(hua)(hua)(hua)工園區(qu)環境(jing)保護主體責(ze)任和(he)“一園一策”危險(xian)廢物(wu)(wu)利(li)用處置(zhi)要求。新建園區(qu)要科學評估園區(qu)內(nei)企業危險(xian)廢物(wu)(wu)產生種(zhong)類和(he)數量(liang),保障危險(xian)廢物(wu)(wu)利(li)用處置(zhi)能(neng)力。鼓勵有條件(jian)的化(hua)(hua)(hua)工園區(qu)建立危險(xian)廢物(wu)(wu)智能(neng)化(hua)(hua)(hua)可追溯管控(kong)(kong)(kong)平臺,實現園區(qu)內(nei)危險(xian)廢物(wu)(wu)全程管控(kong)(kong)(kong)。

  (十六(liu))提升危險(xian)廢(fei)物環(huan)(huan)境應(ying)急響應(ying)能力。深(shen)入推進跨區域、跨部門協同應(ying)急處(chu)置突發環(huan)(huan)境事(shi)件及(ji)其處(chu)理(li)(li)過(guo)(guo)程中產(chan)生(sheng)的危險(xian)廢(fei)物,完善(shan)現場指揮與協調制(zhi)度以及(ji)信(xin)息報告和公開機制(zhi)。加(jia)強突發環(huan)(huan)境事(shi)件及(ji)其處(chu)理(li)(li)過(guo)(guo)程中產(chan)生(sheng)的危險(xian)廢(fei)物應(ying)急處(chu)置的管(guan)理(li)(li)隊伍、專(zhuan)家隊伍建設,將危險(xian)廢(fei)物利用處(chu)置龍頭(tou)企(qi)業納入突發環(huan)(huan)境事(shi)件應(ying)急處(chu)置工作(zuo)體(ti)系。

  (十七)嚴厲打擊(ji)固(gu)體(ti)廢(fei)物環(huan)境違法行(xing)為。截至2020年10月底,聚焦長江經濟帶,深入開(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)“清廢(fei)行(xing)動”;會(hui)同相關(guan)部門(men),以(yi)醫療(liao)廢(fei)物、廢(fei)酸、廢(fei)鉛(qian)蓄電池、廢(fei)礦(kuang)物油(you)等危險廢(fei)物為重點(dian),持續開(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)打擊(ji)固(gu)體(ti)廢(fei)物環(huan)境違法犯(fan)罪活動。結合(he)生態環(huan)境保(bao)護統籌強化監督,分期分批分類開(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)危險廢(fei)物經營(ying)單位專項檢查。

  (十八(ba))加強危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)污(wu)染(ran)(ran)防治(zhi)科技(ji)支撐(cheng)。建設區域性(xing)危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)和(he)化學品測試分(fen)析、環境風(feng)(feng)險(xian)(xian)評估與(yu)污(wu)染(ran)(ran)控(kong)(kong)制(zhi)技(ji)術(shu)實(shi)驗(yan)室,充分(fen)發揮國家環境保護危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)處(chu)(chu)置工(gong)程技(ji)術(shu)中心的作用(yong),加強危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)環境風(feng)(feng)險(xian)(xian)評估、污(wu)染(ran)(ran)控(kong)(kong)制(zhi)技(ji)術(shu)等基礎研究。鼓勵(li)廢(fei)(fei)酸、廢(fei)(fei)鹽、生活垃(la)圾焚(fen)燒飛灰(hui)等難(nan)處(chu)(chu)置危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)污(wu)染(ran)(ran)防治(zhi)和(he)利用(yong)處(chu)(chu)置技(ji)術(shu)研發、應用(yong)、示范(fan)和(he)推廣。開展重(zhong)點行業危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)調查,分(fen)階段分(fen)步驟(zou)制(zhi)定重(zhong)點行業、重(zhong)點類別危(wei)險(xian)(xian)廢(fei)(fei)物(wu)污(wu)染(ran)(ran)防治(zhi)配套(tao)政策和(he)標(biao)準規范(fan)。

  五、保(bao)障措(cuo)施

  (十九)加強組(zu)織實(shi)施。各級生(sheng)態(tai)環境部門要充分(fen)認識提升危(wei)險廢(fei)物“三個能(neng)力”的重要性,細化工作措施,明確任(ren)務(wu)分(fen)工、時間表、路線圖、責任(ren)人,確保各項任(ren)務(wu)落實(shi)到位。

  (二十)壓實(shi)(shi)地方(fang)責任。建(jian)立健全危(wei)險廢(fei)物(wu)污染環(huan)境(jing)督(du)察問責長效機制,對(dui)危(wei)險廢(fei)物(wu)環(huan)境(jing)違法案件(jian)頻(pin)發、處(chu)置能(neng)力(li)嚴重(zhong)不足并(bing)造成嚴重(zhong)環(huan)境(jing)污染或惡劣社(she)會影響的(de)地方(fang),視情開(kai)展(zhan)專項督(du)察,并(bing)依(yi)紀依(yi)法實(shi)(shi)施督(du)察問責。

  (二十一)加大(da)投(tou)入力(li)(li)度。加強危險廢(fei)物(wu)“三個能力(li)(li)”建(jian)設的工作經(jing)費保障。各(ge)地應結(jie)合實際,通過統籌各(ge)類專項資(zi)(zi)金(jin)(jin)、引導社會資(zi)(zi)金(jin)(jin)參與(yu)等多(duo)種(zhong)形式建(jian)立危險廢(fei)物(wu)“三個能力(li)(li)”建(jian)設的資(zi)(zi)金(jin)(jin)渠(qu)道。

  (二十二)強化公眾(zhong)參(can)(can)與(yu)。鼓勵(li)(li)將舉報危險廢物非法轉移(yi)、傾倒、處置等(deng)列入重(zhong)點獎勵(li)(li)范(fan)圍(wei),提高公眾(zhong)、社會(hui)組織參(can)(can)與(yu)積極性。推進危險廢物利用處置設施向(xiang)公眾(zhong)開放。加強對(dui)涉危險廢物重(zhong)大環境案(an)件查處情況的宣傳,形成(cheng)強力(li)震懾,營造良好社會(hui)氛圍(wei)。

生態環境部

2019年(nian)10月15日

  (此(ci)件(jian)社(she)會公開)

  抄送:中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)石(shi)油(you)(you)天然(ran)氣集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)石(shi)油(you)(you)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)海洋石(shi)油(you)(you)集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、鞍鋼(gang)(gang)集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)寶武鋼(gang)(gang)鐵集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)鋁業集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)五礦集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)節能環(huan)保(bao)集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)鋼(gang)(gang)集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)學(xue)工程集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)色礦業集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)醫藥集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)黃金集(ji)(ji)團(tuan)(tuan)有(you)(you)限(xian)(xian)(xian)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)。

  生態(tai)環境部(bu)辦公(gong)廳(ting)2019年10月16日印發

  
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